Obesity in teenagers (with all its complications) is a hot issue worldwide. Increasing incidence of teenage obesity is posing serious threats to health system of many countries (perhaps the whole world). A large number of adults are succumbing to dangerous complications of obesity. Teenage is the most active part of life and becoming a prey to obesity in this age jeopardizes physical and mental health badly. Obesity attacks health from all dimensions and affects every organ system of the body. Obstructive sleep apnea is one significant complication of obesity which is being increasing diagnosed in teenagers having higher body mass index. The research shows that incidence of obstructive sleep apnea is around 40% in obese adolescents (body mass index above 30) and this figure is even greater at higher body mass index.
Obstructive sleep apnea is a condition in which obstruction of upper airway occurs during sleep along with pauses in respiration. Sufferers of obstructive sleep apnea snore loudly during sleep, never experience freshness after awaking and complain of day time sleepiness. All this leads to mental and physical deterioration; if not treated in time following consequences may result,
- Pulmonary hypertension
- Right heart failure
- Respiratory failure
The horrible consequences of obstructive sleep apnea in teenagers warrant early detection and treatment of this deadly condition. Obese teenagers who have obstructive sleep apnea are benefited most by losing weight. Losing weight not only cures the condition but also is a good preventive measure in those who are at risk of developing it. The difference between losing weight and losing it quickly should never be overlooked. In fact, losing weight over a shorter period is all that is required so, the method of losing weight is very very important in this aspect. Options for losing weight are multiple but the quicker and the most efficient one at body mass index 35 or more is Bariatric surgery. Research has established very healthy effect of Bariatric surgery in curing obstructive sleep apnea in obese teenagers.
Maninder Kalra et. al investigated the role of Bariatric surgery in improvement of obstructive sleep apnea. They screened 35 obese people for obstructive sleep apnea with sleep study (polysomnography). Out of 35 obese adults, 19 were diagnosed having obstructive sleep apnea. Ten obese people with diagnosed obstructive sleep apnea underwent gastric by pass procedure. The average weight loss was 58 kilogram, six month after Bariatric surgery. Nine out of ten patients who underwent Bariatric surgery showed marked improvement in obstructive sleep apnea symptoms and was confirmed by sleep study. (Obesity Research (2005) 13, 1175–1179)
The above mentioned study and many other studies advocate the role of Bariatric surgery in curing obstructive sleep apnea in obese adults. The fundamental importance of Bariatric surgery (in curing obstructive sleep apnea) lies in its effectiveness in losing weight quickly and significantly. Other methods of weight loss don’t prove handy in curing obstructive sleep apnea because weight loss is not that significant and rapid as with Bariatric surgery. The myth of dangers of Bariatric surgery in teenagers doesn’t exist anymore as teenagers cope with Bariatric surgery procedures better than elderly population. Any adult person having body mass index 35 or more is a good candidate for losing weight through Bariatric surgery procedure.
Bariatric surgery is safe and effective option of losing weight as against other methods with higher rate of failures and complications.
Important to remember!
There is no doubt about efficacy and safety of bariatric surgery in teenagers yet one important thing is to be kept in mind while selecting a facility for weight loss surgery. Remember! Bariatric surgery is only safe at dedicated Bariatric surgery hospitals where experienced Bariatric surgeons put their maximum efforts to make the procedure successful in germs-free operation theaters. Trained and experienced staffs along with all the facilities for patient’s safety make dedicated Bariatric surgery hospital a superior choice. Some surgery centers that claim to be cheaper in the market lack most of the facilities for patient’s safety and expose the patient to the risk of acquiring dangerous complications even death. Be careful and select only a dedicated Bariatric surgery hospital for your dreams to come true in a safe manner.