Avoiding and Losing that Stubborn Excess Skin
After undergoing bariatric surgery in Tijuana, Mexico with Mexico Bariatric Center, just as with any bariatric surgery provider, it is very common that patients experience excess skin. So let’s go ahead and discuss what causes loose skin, non-surgical and surgical solutions to the issue.
What Causes Loose Skin?
Not everyone who loses a significant amount of weight struggles with excess skin. Some drop over a hundred pounds and their skin remains perfectly tight while others are left with
drooping flaps in areas such as the stomach and arms. So what are the differentiating factors that are causing these two entirely different outcomes?
Surface Area Growth: The loose skin, in fact, is due to the weight gain initially. When you gain excessive amounts of weight, the surface area of the skin must grow to accommodate. When you lose weight, the same surface area is retained, leading to that hanging, sagging skin. However, some lose the weight and do not have the excess skin. Let’s cover why it is that some do and some do not have the issue with some more causes:
- Losing Weight too Aggressively/Muscle Loss: When losing weight, supporting muscle (lean body mass) helps to support healthy skin. If you’re wasting weight aggressively and do not pay close attention to muscle mass, you will in fact not only burn off fat but this supporting tissue. Research has shown that lack of lean body mass does, in fact, contribute to that hanging skin over time. What you primarily want to lose is fat, while doing resistance training such as weight lifting to maintain muscle. Fat gain is typically a gradual process that takes months or years to occur. But when doing a crash diet or weight loss surgery, some overdo and fight to lose the weight as quickly as they can.
- Example: Let’s say you were at a healthy weight of 120 pounds, but over the years gradually gained to where you now weigh 280. You try to lose the weight, but it just proves unsuccessful time after time. So you undergo bariatric surgery and push to lose the weight as fast as you can, limiting your calories and doing a lot of cardio. You take your vitamins now and then and you eat smaller meals, but you don’t monitor your macros or the sources of protein, fat and carbohydrates very carefully. When you deprive your body of too many calories and the right type of fats, proteins, carbs, vitamins and don’t do muscle building exercises you risk the chance of loose skin. You could, in fact, be facing around 60% of that weight loss being muscle as apposed to the roughly 20% lost in muscle through a typical crash diet or after surgery.
- The Issue: When you were at that 120 pounds before, you had more muscle which helped shape and firm up your figure, while pulling your skin tightly against your body. When you burn off too much muscle, you
can wind up back at that 120 pounds, but your lean body mass (weight percentage in fat vs. weight percentage in muscle) has changed. You are now in fact at a higher fat, lower muscle balance which causes you to have that excess skin.
- Age: One’s age can also have an effect on the likelihood that they will have excess skin after weight loss. As you age your body naturally loses muscle and the elasticity of your skin also are reduced. Factors such as diet and exercise can effect this just as they do muscle mass in general. If you drink plenty of water or green tea, eat healthy fats, carbohydrates, protein, vegetables and fruits, your skin elasticity and muscle mass will remain stronger.
- Smoking: smoking accelerates the aging process of the skin.Smoking causes a decrease of vitamin A and moisture in the skin causing the elasticity of the skin to decrease over time.
- Dehydration: A key component to healthy skin is moisture. When your skin is dehydrated, it affects the layers of the skin in a way that decreases firmness which leads to saggy skin.
- Genetics: Some just are genetically prone to excess skin after weight loss due to genetics. But it is still wise to maintain a healthy balance of clean diet, vitamin intake, weight training, and focusing on muscle mass regardless of genetics.
Some Non-Surgical Solutions for Excess Skin
As mentioned in the causes above, there are some strategies you can follow to avoid loose skin after bariatric surgery. Let’s get into a little more detail about some of these solutions:
- Lose at a Steady Pace: Even after undergoing bariatric surgery, you should not even worry about the scale so much as the nutrition and exercise plan. A nutritionist can help plan out your macros and overall calorie intake to help ensure you are as well nourished as possible. When you can eat soft solid foods, having a goal of slowly increasing calories to above 800 and eating appropriate amounts of protein will assist with this. To determine your protein needs, take your ideal healthy weight and divide by 2.2. This will tell you to have many grams of protein you need.
- Build that Muscle: Alongside your nutrition plan, focus on muscle building exercises to slow the loss of muscle as you burn off those pounds. Intense exercises like high-intensity cardio will only increase muscle loss, and you are already going to lose weight from the surgery, so it is wiser to focus on muscle gain as your body sheds fat. This way, you will reach your target weight range and will have reduced the percentage of muscle loss compared to fat loss, aiding in tighter skin and better health. The skin has a layer of fat underneath and then muscle. If you burn that layer of fat under the skin while maintaining muscle, it will make you appear firmer and shape your figure. If you burn off that muscle, there is nothing there to give your body the way it could otherwise have.
IT IS IMPORTANT THAT YOU FOLLOW RECOMMENDATIONS PROVIDED BY MEXICO BARIATRIC CENTER REGARDING HOW MUCH YOU LIFT OVER TIME
It is recommended that you only walk for the first six weeks post-operative. According to The American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery, each person is different, and exercise will vary based on the progression of healing after surgery. After six weeks, slowly increasing to 150 minutes of physical activity per week with walking, cardiovascular exercises, resistance and flexibility exercises like yoga. Be mindful of any events that may cause abdominal strainings like pull-ups, sit-up, and some weight lifting. It is important to wait a minimum of 6 weeks or until your incisions have completely healed before starting any weight training. It is best to discuss a plan with your primary care physician for slowly adding weight training to your exercise regimen.
- Eat Foods that Promote Healthy Skin and Muscle Gain: There are in fact foods that will promote healthy skin as well as real muscle growth. And with your limited calorie intake, it is even more so important that you ensure all of your calories count.
- Nuts (such as Brazil nuts, cashews, almonds, walnuts)
- Whole grains (such as oats, whole wheat, yams)
- Fruit (such as blueberries, raspberries, kiwi, and oranges)
- Lean meats (such as chicken breast, 93% lean beef, eggs, fish, sardines)
- Fluids (such as herbal tea and plenty of water) Your goal is to get a minimum of 64 ounces of water. Optimal goal is to get half of your body weight in ounces of water. For example, if you weigh 200 lbs. Your water goal would be 100 ounces per day.
- Vitamins (bariatric specific vitamins should be taken daily)
Surgical Solutions for Excess Skin Removal
Now even with these non-surgical solutions that are available, it is still sometimes not enough. In some cases, a former bariatric surgery patient may need as many as five cosmetic surgeries to remove the excess skin and restore their figure. Companies such as Mexico Cosmetic Center offer packages too with excess skin removal and add to one’s value which include:
- Body Lift
- Arm Lift
- Breast Lift
- Breast Implants
- Brazilian Butt Lift
- Tummy Tuck
- Fat Transfer
- Mommy Makeover
To contact our cosmetic center, you can visit MexicoCosmeticCenter.com or give them a call at