Bariatric surgery is the term used for weight loss surgery that helps people lose weight by minimizing how much they can eat. Recent studies have immense success in operation for short-term and long-term success at losing weight, and battling a broad range of serious diseases and medical conditions. The recent mot study was performed to show the type of fat that is decreasing the most, showing that pericardial fat is reduced more than epicardial fat. This means the abdominal fat deposits were reduced the most following bariatric surgery, such as the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass procedure, one of the most common bariatric procedures.
About Bariatric Surgery
Bariatric surgery, also known as weight loss surgery, includes a few different methods to help overweight and obese individuals lose weight. Each method is slightly different though they all help limit how much someone can eat before they feel full. The goal is that by forcing this reduction in food intake, they start losing weight. Bariatric surgery procedures include gastric bypass, lap band surgery, stomach stapling, and the sleeve gastrectomy. The results and potential risks of each surgery vary based on the person getting it and what is involved in the procedure.
During this study, there was a total of 10 patients that were reviewed 16 months after having the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass procedure. There were 60 percent women and 40 percent men in the study, with the average age of patients being 53.7 years old. An MRI machine was used to measure the amount of ectopic fat accumulation, as well as the CV function. The myocardial triglyceride content was also assessed, by using an MR spectroscopy device. At baseline when the surgery was first performed, the average body mass index (BMI) of the patients was 41.3 and 16 months later, it was 34.1. There was a larger decrease in pericardial fat volume with a decline of 17.3 as opposed to 6.4 of epicardial fat volume. The study also found a considerable decrease in visceral fat volume at 35.5 lower, as opposed to the subcutaneous fat volume that fell by 25.
What these results show, according to the study’s researchers, is that this particular type of gastric bypass procedure is successful at reducing the fat tissues and distributions in the body, not just losing weight overall. However, it should be noted that the reduction in pericardial fat didn’t make a difference in the participant’s cardiovascular function following the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass procedure.
About the Project
Funding for this study was provided by the Netherlands Heart Foundation and was performed with help by a grant from the Dutch Obesity Clinic, using a framework at the Center for Translational Molecular Medicine. Linda D. Van Schinkel, MD was head of the research team for this study, as a medical doctor and researcher at the Leiden University Medical Center in the Netherlands.
While the study did not show the reduction of pericardial fat having a significant effect on each person’s cardiovascular function, this doesn’t mean further testing wouldn’t show benefits. Pericardial fat has long since been directly linked to cardiovascular health. Not to mention weight loss in general from the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass procedure shows significant changes in a variety of conditions following weight loss, such as type 2 diabetes, a risk of heart disease and stroke, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol levels.