In a study published in British Medical Journal, weight loss surgery was determined to be more efficient than just diet and exercise alone.* The study used two years of data to compile a meta-analysis to determine these results. According to the study’s author Viktoria Gloy, a Basel Institute for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics in Switzerland, individuals who had bariatric surgery lost more weight (nearly 57 pounds) and had higher rates of remission for both metabolic syndromes and Type II Diabetes. Metabolic syndrome is understood as a group of symptoms that can increase a patient’s risk for the onset of diabetes or heart disease. The study shows that after surgery patients also had an increased quality of life as well as a lower chance of taking medication then those who just dieted and exercised.
It’s no secret that obesity is a worldwide problem with the rate of obesity doubling the last 25 years in the United States, Australia and the United Kingdom. According to the study, more than two-thirds of Americans are overweight or obese. Researchers also noted that many European countries are just as close to that level of with nearly 40-50% of their populations being overweight or obese. Obesity is a dangerous health condition as it increases the risk for high blood pressure and cholesterol, some cancers, osteoarthritis, diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Weight loss surgery and diet and exercise are the most effective treatments for obesity.
About the Study
The researchers examined the types of treatments these patients used to lose weight and improve their health. Gloy and the other researchers reviewed other weight-loss studies and found that in 11 of them weight loss surgery resulted in greater weight loss.
They found that as well as losing more weight, those who had weight-loss surgery had a higher rate of remission for Type II Diabetes, nearly 22 times higher than the group that didn’t have bariatric surgery. According to their analysis, metabolic syndrome rates also dropped significantly for patients who endured weight loss surgery. They also discovered that triglycerides fell more in weight loss surgery patients, and good cholesterol levels increased too. Regarding this study, they found no real significant differences in blood pressure levels. While the research presented is comprehensive, Gloy and researchers understand that further research is needed to understand fully the connection.
Related: Benefits of Weight Loss Surgery
The researchers, however, understand that with any surgery comes risk and the most common complications were the need for re-operation or iron deficiency anemia. Surgery is also obviously more expensive than a regular diet and exercise routine. According to the U.S. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, weight-loss surgery averages as much as $25,000.
Surgery is recommended for patients with a body mass index above 40 or over 35 if they have medical conditions related to obesity such as diabetes and high blood pressure. While others with high BMI and are still considered overweight may qualify for surgery especially those that can’t control their diabetes with medication.
More Information & Links
*http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/267722.php Wednesday 23 October 2013