Heart attack or ischemic heart disease once thought to be a disease of middle-aged to elderly population has extended its encroachment to the young group. It is not surprising now to hear increasing incidence of heart attack in teenagers and children. Among the culprit factors that increase the risk of heart attack in a young group, obesity is number one and probably the lethal one. According to a report of American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 16% to 33% of teenagers and children are obese- an alarming fact.
How obesity causes heart disease is a complex and multi-factorial phenomenon. Obesity causes insulin resistance, increased triglycerides and cholesterol in the blood and high blood pressure. All these factors accelerate the process of atherosclerosis that leads to narrowing of blood vessels by depositing more and more cholesterol in the wall of blood vessels. When narrowing in coronary arteries (blood vessels supplying heart) becomes severe then patient feels chest pain on doing physical activity. This pain is called angina and occurs due to increased demand of oxygen to heart during physical work but due to narrowed blood vessels, blood flow to heart can not be increased. When coronary artery becomes completed occluded, there is no more blood supply to heart which lead to damage of heart muscles called heart attack or myocardial infarction.
Research has shown that severity of obesity is directly related to increased risk of heart attack. In the same way duration of obesity also counts for obesity risk: a person who lives with obesity for 10 years has more likelihood of heart attack than an individual who remain obese for 5 years. People who have more severe obesity and who stay in the state of obesity for a prolonged period are more at risk of heart attack than those who lose weight quickly and come to their average weight earlier. These facts stress on taking obesity a serious problem and managing extra weight as soon as possible. Almost 75% children and teenagers who have obesity are expected to remain obese as they become adult. In adult life these persons are more at risk of succumbing to heart disease.
Reduce Likelihood of Heart Attack
The only way out to reduce the likelihood of heart attack in teenager is to reduce weight as early as possible. Weight loss options are several and depend on severity of obesity and vary from patient to patient. Research has shown that bariatric surgery in teenagers who have body mass index 35 or more is more efficient and safe option that quickly reverses the risk of heart attack. Medical scientists believe that reducing weight as early as possible makes Bariatric surgery a superior choice to other weight loss methods. In the favor of bariatric surgery, the researchers argue that other methods of losing weight in people with body mass index 35 or more, are not so efficient moreover, there are more chances of weight gain after losing it. Teenagers who undergo weight loss surgery start losing weight within weeks and this process continues till they achieve a healthy weight. Due to these reasons bariatric surgery reduces the risk of heart attack more than other weight loss methods.
While it is clear that bariatric surgery is a good option for management of teenage obesity, the question arises which facility should be selected for this particular surgery? There are so many of choices for bariatric surgery but the right thing is a facility that has track record of safety and success. Such a safe facility is only a dedicated Bariatric surgery hospital where experienced surgeons perform Bariatric surgery procedures in sterilized operation theater. Success rate of weight loss methods is high at such a dedicated Bariatric surgery hospital that justifies the selection. Remember! Surgery centers that claim to be cheaper in the market are not good choice for critical Bariatric surgery procedures as they lack many of the safety measures and experienced staff and may actually complicate the situation.