Obesity is a complex, multifactorial, chronic disease involving environmental (social and cultural), genetic, physiologic, metabolic, behavioral and psychological components. It is the second leading cause of preventable death in the US (300,000 – 587,000 deaths per year).
Definition of Obesity
Morbid obesity exists when excess weight is associated with undesirable implications for general health and when:
- a person weighs at least twice his or her ideal weight
- a person weighs at least 100 lbs. (45 kilos) More than his or her ideal weight. The above statements provide only a general description of morbid. The exact degree of excess weight is determined using the Body Mass Index (BMI), which employs both weight and height to calculate the measurement.
We use the term “morbid obesity” because this degree of excess weight may considerably reduce life expectancy and is associated with an increased risk of developing conditions or diseases such as:
- High blood pressure
- Joint problems
- Cerebral infarction
- Heart and vascular diseases
- Psychosocial problem
Obesity Increases Health Risks
With due weight loss, your health can be improved, your risk of developing associated conditions or diseases can be reduced, and the quality of your life can be enhanced.
Risks of Being Obese
If you are morbidly obese, you have significant risks to your
- psychological and social well-being
- day to day living
If you already have some diseases, such as diabetes or heart disease, they can get worse. Plus, the more weight you gain, the more risk you have. As a result, your life expectancy is shorter. You also may be less able to do things to help your health improve. Exercise is important to good health. But severe obesity makes you less mobile. It is hard to exercise or take part in sports. Severe obesity can also affect fertility. That means you are less likely to become pregnant. On the other hand, if you do become pregnant, you have more risk of problems during pregnancy and childbirth.
Risks to your psychological and social well-being, people with a weight problem often have a negative self-image. Their environment can make this worse. Obese children, for instance, may be teased at school and have few friends. You may find it hard to buy clothes that look good. Bus or train seats, telephone booths, and cars may be too small. You are also likely to be left out of social functions that require exercise. People with severe obesity often find themselves socially isolated.
Risks in day to day living
Even ordinary tasks become harder when you are severely obese. You tend to tire more quickly. You may also have breathing problems. Not being able to move as well makes it hard for some people to maintain personal hygiene.
Obesity Treatment: Weight-loss Surgery
If diets, exercise programs, and other non-surgical methods have failed to help you achieve long-term weight loss, you may want to consider an operation to reduce the capacity of the stomach and to help decrease your appetite.
Not everyone who has a weight problem should consider surgery. It depends on whether or not you are overweight, obese, or morbidly obese. One way to tell is by your Body Mass Index (BMI). Your BMI depends on both your weight and your height.
- Gastric Sleeve Surgery
- Gastric Bypass Surgery
- Mini-Gastric Bypass Surgery
- Duodenal Switch Surgery
- Gastric Banding Surgery
- Gastric Plication
- Gastric Balloon
- Revisional Bariatric Surgery
Who should consider weight-loss surgery?
An ideal BMI is 19 to 25.’ If your BMI is between 25 and 30, you are thought to be overweight. If it is higher than 30, you are obese. That means you are at risk for health problems. To get your BMI use our “BMI CALCULATOR”.
If your BMI is 40 or more, you are said to have “morbid” obesity. A BMI higher than 40 suggests surgery might be a proper approach. For some people with a BMI between 35 and 40 (“severe” obesity), surgery might also be a good choice. These are people who have other conditions. For instance, if your BMI is 37 and you have severe sleep apnea, diabetes mellitus, or heart problems, your doctor might suggest surgery to help you lose weight via bariatric surgery.”’
In this webpage, you will find out more about the causes of obesity and morbid obesity. You will also find out about problems connected with excess weight and learn about methods for treating it. Also, it is recommended that you learn about having weight loss surgery in Mexico.